Beginner’s Guide to Softball
Softball is a great sport for everyone at any level.
Competitive, Recreational and especially Social for those who wish to enjoy a refreshing “beverage” after Training and Game days.
Here you will learn the Rules of the Game, Player Positions and Softball Terms
There are many rules in Softball which you learn by playing but a basic version has been provided at the link below:
There are twelve positions within a Softball team, ten of which are on the field with two sub-fielders who a designated to bating only.
The In-field consists of 6 players with 4 in the Out-Field.
This position is centred in the in-field and the only position that does not guard a base.
The pitcher is the one who throws the ball towards home base where the batter stands, waiting to hit the ball to start the play.
The pitcher stands on the pitchers mound, which is a little white rectangle of rubber.
The Catcher stands behind home base, other wise known as home plate and catches the ball the pitcher throws to them. They also try to keep the runner
from reaching home.
As you move along the diamond from home;counter clockwise, the next base you encounter is first base. The First Baseman stands three to five steps away from the base between first and second base.
This is the only base with an automatic force, meaning the batter has to run to first base and if the ball gets there first, the runner is out.
Also the first basemen covers home plate if there is a runner on third,
just in case the pitcher throws it past the catcher and the runner tries to run for home.
The second baseman stands three to five steps away from the base between first and second base.
They act as a wall against ground balls, and as a cover on the throw to second, which is generally caught by the short stop.
The second baseman only goes to second if the play is on the other side of the diamond or there is a runner on second or third.
There isn’t an automatic force to second.
This is the only player without a designated bag. They stand between second and third and guard both.
The short stop covers second if the play is on the opposite side of the field. They also cover the throws to second from the catcher if there is no runner on third. The short stop guards third if the third basemen is covering a runner going home. Short Stop acts like a wall against ground balls and covers any throws to third that might get past the third basemen.
This player stands five to six feet in front of the bag and about a foot to the left from the third base-line.
They guard third and are the mostly likely player to catch a line drive.
Covers third and stands 20 feet from the end of the diamond behind short stop.
Centre Left and Right Field:
These players stand either side of second, again usually 20 feet from the end of the diamond, and move to either side of second depending which side the batter stands, ie left-handed or right-handed batter.
One of these players will be the “captain” of the outfield, calling out directions to the other fielders.
This player stands about ten feet from the right base line and covers first. They do the most amount of running to and from the infield as they cover the overthrows to first.
Single: The batter hits the ball and runs to first, is safe and stays there.
Double: The batter hits the ball and run around first and to second, is safe and stays there.
Triple: The batter hits it, generally in the out field, and gets all the way to third base and stays.
Homerun: The hardest and rarest hit. The batter hits is, usually a nice hit, over the
outfielders head and run all the way around the bases and score by stepping over home plate!
Grand Slam: The bases are “loaded” meaning there is a runner on every base, and the batter hits a homerun and all four get home safe!
Full Count: The batter has a count of three balls and two stikes, the next pitch decides if they are out or safe.
Out: Either the runner is tagged, or the batter strikes out, there are three in an inning, it means the runner or batter did not successfully get to a base, and will not score.
Safe: The runner gets to a base before the ball does. They get to stay on base and have the potential to score
Walk: the batter is pitched four balls, they get to go to first, not forced. There is no play, and any runners on first base advance, moving any runners ahead of them to the next base.
Force: the runner has to advance to the next base, there is an automatic force on first, but if there are runners on base, there is potential for a force on the other bases, in which case the player merely need to tag the base instead of the runner.